“Now the peasant will no longer be supplied with ration cards. Is this a correct measure? Yes, it is absolutely correct. It is a measure which does not cut the peasant off from supplies of the things he needs, such as manufactured and industrial goods. The fruits of the toil of the working class and of the working masses of the city are for the poor and middle peasant, too. They will be the first to benefit from it, but there should be order and justice in everything. Those who work and sweat the most should be the first to benefit, and at cheaper prices. Is it fair that the workers in the towns, at the construction sites, and in the factories should turn out oil and kerosene, thread and cotton fabrics, extract salt from the sea, build highways and railroads, and can never even see an egg or buy a turkey even at 1,500 or 2,000 leks?
Is it permissible that with one turkey the peasant may buy thread, and kerosene, and rope, and cotton fabrics? No, this is not fair at all, and our peasant himself understands that such a situation cannot go on for long. Harmony must be established in the market and prices, for neither the working masses of the town nor the labouring peasantry benefit from anarchy. The peasants may imagine that they benefit, but in reality, those who profit from this situation are the capitalists of town and countryside who are fishing in troubled waters, encouraging anarchy, confusion, the black market, weakening our state power and preparing its overthrow. Therefore, the new kind of relations between the town and the countryside, the new way of mutual exchanges, is the fairest of all.
The methods of wholesale purchases of grain, of meat, etc., are quite fair, and we should uphold them. In the practical implementation of these ordinances, concessions and mistakes may be made, but we should struggle against them, correct them wherever they crop up, and see that they do not recur.
It was wrong for our state to ensure the break, and at the same price, alike for those who did not work and produce and for those who toiled in production. The motto ‘He who works shall eat’ should be firmly established; the government will no longer supply bread for all the idlers, money-lenders, speculators in gold and black marketeers of town and countryside. Let them work, and they may eat. They will earn their bread with work. But if they continue their trade as speculators, then they will learn that our state and our laws are much more powerful than fifty black marketeers who will not be able to fish in troubled waters for long.
As for the peasants who do not produce or who produce very little grain, our government has given them broad possibilities to earn their bread through their own work. Although they will be provided with something on coupons, this will not completely solve the problem of bread for them. It is right that they should earn their break through work instead of sitting among the rocks with a couple of goats. These peasants should come to work in the big state projects, or in the various projects of their districts and regions, where they will immediately enjoy the same treatment as the workers. Apart from this, when the peasant goes to work on such jobs his family in the village will have their food guaranteed. This is the right way. Or this non-producing peasant, without leaving his region, could get busy procuring various materials which the state needs, and there are plenty of these in our country, which represent a great asset, but which are going to waste. But if these non-producing peasants do not want to work in their interests and that of their families, in the interests of the state and the whole society, is that the fault of the state?”
(Source: https://www.marxistsfr.org/reference/archive/hoxha/works/ebooks/sw/vol2.pdf )